2007–2008 Justice Studies Courses

JUST

101

Introduction to Justice Studies

(4)

Overview of the history and purposes of the justice system. Introduction to the principle institutions: courts, prosecution and defense procedures, the police, the juvenile justice system, corrections, and the law. The relationship of justice studies to society and introduction to the issues facing the justices system today.

 

JUST

110

Police and Society (formerly JUST 201)

(4)

Historical and contemporary overview of law enforcement agencies in American society. Topics include the functions of law enforcement as formal social control, the role and organization of police in society, community policing, police culture, multicultural and gender issues, and an introduction to theory of social control. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.

 

JUST

202

Arrest, Search, and Seizure

(4)

The study of the legalities and decision-making processes associated with arrest, search, and seizure in accordance with statutes, case law, and Supreme Court decisions as they relate to constitutional protections. Prerequisite: JUST 101 and 220 or permission of instructor.

 

JUST

220

American Judicial Process

(4)

An examination of the fundamental and competing principles of jurisprudence and the basic legal institutions involved in the American judicial process. Students will examine the history of the law in the United States, the nature of legal reasoning, the doctrine of precedent, and the principles of statutory interpretation. This course will also introduce the legal fields of contracts, torts, administrative law, and family laws as well as the structure of the legal process, both at the federal and state levels. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.

 

JUST

230

Introduction to Corrections

(4)

An examination of the history and theory of punishment, the historical use of incarceration as a penal sanction, and an analysis of organization, administration, and management practices in corrections. The social organization of correctional institutions, including the inmates, correctional officers, correctional treatment staff, and administrators are discussed. Exploration of contemporary research and emerging issues in corrections are an essential part of this course. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.

 

JUST 300 Special Topics in Justice Studies (1–4)
The exploration of issues, problems, and innovations in Justice Studies. Prerequisites will vary with course content. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.
 
JUST 301 Criminological Theories (formerly JUST 250) (4)
An examination of the etiology, characteristics, and consequences of crime and criminal behavior. Both classical and contemporary theories of crime causation are considered. Political, economic, social, psychological, and biological perspectives may be discussed. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.
 
JUST 325 Criminalistics (4)
Major concepts of forensic science and investigator role in crime scene evidence collections. Prerequisite: JUST 110 or permission of instructor.
 
JUST 340 Juvenile Delinquency (4)
Exploration of the phenomenon of juvenile delinquency and society’s responses to it by examining the nature, onset, persistence, and desistence of juvenile delinquency. Reviews major theoretical perspectives regarding the phenomena of juvenile delinquency. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.
 
JUST 350 Criminal Law (4)
Critical examination that focuses on the structure, elements, and behavior of the criminal law. In-depth examination of criminal procedure and evidence, including jurisdiction, police powers of search and seizure, the right to counsel and pre-trial and trial procedures. Brief survey of the system of rules and standards by means of which the admissibility of evidence is determined. Close examination of the Constitution and its impact on federal and state criminal statutes, procedure, and evidence is accomplished through the analysis of case law. Prerequisite: JUST 220.
 
JUST 373 Juvenile Justice (4)
Study of the philosophy and functions of the juvenile court. Court procedures and law, theories of causation, and intervention strategies are discussed. Evaluation and analysis of juvenile systems and practices are considered. Prerequisite: JUST 101 or permission of instructor.
 
JUST 380 Corrections in the Community (4)
Development, organization, operation, and results of post-conviction release programs. Traditional court- and institutional-supervised probation and parole, work release, halfway house, diversion furlough, and boot camps are discussed. Community/social rehabilitative and punitive programs are compared. Prerequisite: JUST 230 or permission or instructor.
 
JUST 401 Directed Studies (1–4)
A tutorial-based course used only for student-initiated proposals for intensive individual study of topics not otherwise offered in Justice Studies. Prerequisite: consent of instructor and school dean.
 
JUST 410 Justice Management and Administration (4)
An introduction to the theory of organization and management in justice agencies. The role of leadership, technology, information systems, decision-making, court cases, personnel policies and planning in the management process are considered. Prerequisite: JUST 101 and one of JUST 110, 220, or 230.
 
JUST 415 Public Policy and Justice Practice (4)
Exploration of past, current, and anticipated problems in the justice system. Critical consideration of contemporary behavior of elements of the justice system . Prerequisite: JUST 101 and one of JUST 110, 220, or 230.
 
JUST 440 Internship (1–8)
Student placement in agencies or professional practices. Relevant research project required. Weekly seminar meetings with instructor to review agency progress. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing (for transfer students, at least 15 hours completed at Westminster or permission of instructor), minimum 2.5 GPA, completion of the Career Resource Center Internship Workshop, and consent of program director and Career Resource Center Internship Coordinator. Prerequisites: JUST 101, 110, 220, and 230.
 
JUST 480 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (4)
Provides an analysis of the world’s major legal families and a comparison of the law enforcement, judicial, and correctional systems of other nations with that of the United States. This course will also include such topics as contemporary cross-cultural punishment, definitions of crime and deviance, comparative crime rates, and emerging international crime trends. Prerequisite: JUST 101, 110, 220, and 230 or permission of instructor. PLSC 306 is recommended.
 
JUST 498 Thesis I (2)
A thesis is required of all Justice Studies majors. This pragmatic course focuses on the problems and procedures of research design, articulation, and communication leading to the selection of a thesis advisor, completion of a formal research proposal, and a “mock defense” of their research proposal. Prerequisites: only declared majors who have completed either SOC 390, SOC 391, or PSYC 390, have senior standing, and consent of the instructor may register for this course. Note: this course is offered during Fall semesters only.
 
JUST 499 Thesis II (2)
Continuation of JUST 498. Students implement their research proposals, under the direction of one or more faculty members, analyze their respective research findings, and present and defend their findings in class. A written copy of the thesis remains with the Justice Studies Program. Prerequisites: only declared majors who have completed JUST 498 may register for this course. Note: this course is offered during Spring semesters only.