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2003 psychology abstracts

2003 Research Fair Archive - Psychology Abstracts

Autonomy and Self-Actualization in the Work Place
by Dillon George  (Paul Presson)

I am researching Humanistic Psychology and its relation to the workplace in areas such as motivation, autonomy and performance.  This field is known as Organizational Psychology or Industrial Organization.  My findings show that most businesses have some but not all factors necessary to allow workers to self-actualize.  This paper represents a synthesis of business and psychology principles.

Rumination and Executive Functioning
by Lauren White, Tiffani Mantlo, Matthew Mietchen, Heather Adair, Tamara Villa and Elana Vandermolen  (Faculty Sponsor:  Lesa Ellis)

Rumination is when individuals respond to negative stimuli by repetitively thinking about the stimuli, experiencing recurring intrusive thoughts about the stimuli.  In a study done by Susan Nolen-Hoeksema on the The Role of Rumination in Depressive Disorders and Mixed Anxiety Disorders (2000), she found that rumination both predicts anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, anxiety/depression mixed symptoms as well as depressive disorders.  Due to the findings that rumination has a precursory outcomes to these symptoms and disorders, it is important not to solely look at rumination in the subtext of depression, but study the procedure of rumination, and what parts of the brain, if any, are affected when rumination occurs.  Considering that rumination involves an inability to shift attention from negative stimuli, in this study of rumination we are looking at the different systems that are associated with attention, that might influence an individual's attentional system.

In this study, we looked at individual's attentional differences according to the Attention Network Test (ANY) and the Emotion and Counting Stroop Tasks.  Participants also filled out a rumination questionnaire, measuring an individual's frequency of rumination.  By combining these attention tasks and a questionnaire that assesses individual rumination habits we will be able to see if the frequency of rumination correlates with attention measurements.  We hypothesize that those individuals who have poor executive attention scores on the Attention Network Test (ANT) and the Emotion and Counting Stroop Tasks will have high scores on the rumination questionnaire.