2006 Research Fair Archive - Nursing Abstracts
Immunizations and Autism
The purpose of the critique was to evaluate the possible correlation between immunizations and the occurrence of autism. Articles were evaluated according to quality and validity of the research. Five research articles were selected from peer reviewed journals within the last five years. Findings suggest immunizations do not cause autism.
Nursing Interventions to Increase the Survivability of Colon Cancer
Colon cancer causes significant mortality and remains the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in the United States. The focus of this study was how can nurses can increase the survivability of colon cancer, which affects about 150,000 people a year in the U.S., or 6% of us in our lifetimes, and kills nearly 60,000 people every year. This study was an integrated review of research on effective screening techniques for early detection of colon cancer, colonoscopy versus sigmoidoscopy, and other health promotion recommendations, such as diet and exercise. The research review showed that exercise was the most effective preventative health measure to recommend, followed by a healthy diet rich in omega 3’s, high fiber foods such as apples and other fruits and vegetables, and the importance of dairy and folic acid in the diet. The research also revealed significant failure of sigmoidoscopy to detect colon polyps and tumors compared to colonoscopy. Implementation of screening was found to fall short of current recommendations for health screenings in the U.S. As early screening is clearly shown to save lives, we as nurses can improve outcomes of this disease by promoting colonoscopies and educating patients on healthy lifestyles.
Music Therapy: An Effective Way to Reduce Agitationin Clients with Dementia
This is an integrated research study that observes the healing power of music on patients suffering from dementia. We studied six different research articles that observed physical, emotional, and behavioral differences in patients participating in music therapy. Current research shows that music can have a profound effect on patients with dementia. Caregivers report patients having better moods, healthier behaviors, more social interaction, and an increase in activities of daily living. With an overall decrease in anxiety and agitation, music gave caregivers the opportunity to bond to their patients and subsequently the patients received more individualized care. Music therapy can also be beneficial to the caregiver. Caregivers report an overall increase in job satisfaction with music playing in the background.
Is There a Relationship Between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Substance Abuse?
Research supports that there is a relationship between ADHD and substance abuse. People have symptoms of ADHD many years before their earliest drug or alcohol abuse. Prevention and treatment of children of ADHD would be beneficial before they have problems with substance abuse. More studies that follow the disease throughout their life span are needed to determine the exact link between ADHD and addiction. We may come up with more effective treatments and medications for ADHD and substance abuse. Health care providers in AODD settings need to be aware of the link between ADHD and AODD. “ADHD clearly precedes AOD use, and therefore children and adolescents with ADHD may be a good target population for AOD prevention, especially if modifications are made to prevention programs to address the unique needs of individuals with ADHD (Smith et al., 2002)”
Factors Affecting Membership and Participation in Nursing Organizations
In our poster presentation, five different articles were reviewed related to the decline in membership and participation in nursing organizations. The results of each article were categorized into the following four topics: characteristics of nurses that join professional associations, why nurses join their professional organizations, why nurses do not join their professional organization, and suggestions to increase membership based on the conclusions of the articles reviewed.
Managing Postoperative Knee Pain: An Integrated Interview
Management of pain is an essential function in the promotion of healing and rehabilitation of the postoperative client. This research project provides a review of five of the various methodologies used to manage pain in clients following knee surgery. It is important that nurses understand how to effectively manage pain in postoperative clients. Various methods of pain management exist with a wide-range of analgesic effects reported by patients. The methods reviewed are as follows: complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), postoperative telephone follow-up, home interferential current therapy (IFC), continuous infiltration of local anesthetic, joint manipulation, and local block. Understanding these various modalities of pain control will enable nurses to provide effective pain management of the postoperative client.